The Assassination of John Kennedy
The assassination of President Kennedy can be considered one of a series of
acts by the Power Control Group to regain the control they had lost when
Nixon was defeated in 1960 and Kennedy threatened their existence. The
evidence pointing toward intelligence involvement and the use of a variety
of intelligence techniques in the assassination is substantial. Until and
unless an investigation is conducted by a group with power and money
equivalent to that of the Power Control Group, with the power to issue
subpoenas and to protect witnesses, it will be very difficult to draw a
completely accurate picture of the conspiracy to assassinate JFK.
As a substitute, this chapter is a "probable reconstruction" -- a scenario
-- about who killed John F. Kennedy. Unlike the Warren Commission Report
(another scenario), this report does not contain any physically impossible
events, such as those connected with Commission Exhibit 399, the so-called
This scenario is based on (1) evidence gathered between 1968 and 1975 by the
Committee to Investigate Assassinations, Washington, D.C. and (2) evidence
gathered between 1962 and 1975 by the author.
The purpose of this scenario is as a starting point for
study and verification by researchers, by Congressional Committees, and
by their members and staffs. This should be considered as a beginning
hypothesis and scenario in contrast to the Warren and Rockefeller Commission
best evidence available indicates the following events occurred in the
summer and fall of 1963 and culminated in the assassination of President
John F. Kennedy. The basic evidence has been summarized in various articles
published in Computers and People (formerly Computers and
Automation) since May 1970.
This can be considered as a guideline scenario which adheres to and explains
all of the known factual evidence.
How It Began
The conspiracy to assassinate John Kennedy began in a series of discussions
held in New Orleans in the summer of 1963. The men in the discussions were
extremely angry that Kennedy had stopped plans and preparations for another
invasion of Cuba (scheduled for the latter part of 1963.) One of the
instigators was David Ferrie, a CIA contract agent who had been training
pilots in Guatemala for the invasion. Meetings held in Ferrie's apartment in
New Orleans were attended by Clay Shaw, William Seymour and several Cubans.
Plans for assassinating President Kennedy developed out of those early
meetings. Others whose support was sought by the group included Guy
Banister, Major L. M. Bloomfield, Loran Hall, Lawrence Howard, Sergio
Arcacha Smith and Carlos Prio Socarras.
During this period in the summer of 1963 Lee Harvey Oswald was working for
Guy Banister on some anti-Castro projects and used the Communist cover of
the Fair Play for Cuba Committee. Oswald attended some of the meetings where
JFK's assassination was discussed.
Oswald either approached the FBI or they approached him in the later summer
of 1963, and he began to tell the FBI about the plans of the group to
assassinate JFK. Oswald had been a secret informant for the FBI since
In September, the group moved the scene of their planning to Mexico City.
There they solicited the assistance of Guy Gabaldin, a CIA agent. Meetings
were held in the apartment of Gabaldin, attended by Shaw, Ferrie, Seymour,
Gabaldin and Oswald on at least three occasions. Others were brought into
the conspiracy at this point. These included John Howard Bowen (alias Albert
Osborne), Ronald Augustinovich, Mary Hope, Emilio Santana, Harry Dean,
Richard Case Nagell, and "Frenchy" (an adventurer who had been working with
Seymour, Santana, Ferrie, Howard and others on the Cuban invasion projects
in the Florida Keys). Fred Lee Crisman, Jim Hicks and Jim Braden (alias
Eugene Hale Brading) were also recruited at this point.
Oswald, the Patsy
Oswald continued to inform on the group to the FBI in Dallas. In mid- to
late September the assassination group decided to make Oswald the patsy in
the murder. They had discussed the need for a patsy in the earliest meetings
in New Orleans. Billy Seymour, who resembled Oswald, was selected to use
Oswald's name and to plant evidence in New Orleans, Dallas and Mexico, which
could later be used to frame him. In addition, another man under CIA
surveillance in Mexico City also used Oswald's name in a probable attempt to
make it appear that Oswald was headed for Cuba. His name may have been
Johnny Mitchell Deveraux. His picture appears in the Warren Commission
Volumes as CE 237.
The team needed financial support for the assassination. They received it
from Carlos Prio Socarras in Miami, who brought more than 50 million dollars
out of Cuba. They also received money from Banister, and from three Texas
millionaires who hated Kennedy: Sid Richardson, Clint Murchison, and Jean
DeMenil (of the Schlumberger Co.). The Murchison-Richardson contribution
also included soliciting the assistance of high-level men in the Dallas
police force. They were powerful members of the Dallas Citizens Council that
controlled the city at that time.
Plans for Three Cities
The group in Mexico City planned to assassinate JFK in Miami, Chicago or
Dallas, using different gunmen in each case. The Miami plan failed because
the Secret Service found out about it in advance and kept JFK out of the
open. The Chicago plan backfired when JFK cancelled his plans to attend the
Army-Navy game at Soldiers Field in early November. The group set up two
assassination teams for Dallas. One was in Dealey Plaza; the second was near
the International Trade Mart where JFK's luncheon speech was to be
The best evidence of CIA (Deputy-Director of Plans) involvement is the fact
that the majority of the known participants were contract agents or direct
agents of the CIA. In Mexico City, the meetings were held in the apartment
of Guy Gabaldin, a CIA (DDP) agent, working for the Mexico City station
chief. Others attending the meetings who were CIA (DDP) contract or direct
agents included Clay Shaw, David Ferrie, Albert Osborne, Harry Dean, Richard
Case Nagell, Ronald Augustinovich, William Seymour, Emilio Santana and Fred
Lee Crisman. It is likely (but not yet provable by direct evidence) that the
group sought and obtained from the acting or permanent CIA station chief in
Mexico, assistance or approval to go ahead with assassination plans. Tad
Szulc claims that a CIA source can prove that E. Howard Hunt was acting
station chief in Mexico City at the time of the Gabaldin apartment meetings
(August and September 1963). Hunt has denied under oath before the
Rockefeller Commission that he was in Mexico.
In 1967 Richard Helms told a group of CIA officials, including Victor
Marchetti, that both Clay Shaw and David Ferrie were CIA (DDP) contract
agents and that Shaw had to be given CIA protection and assistance in his
New Orleans trial. This is a strong indication that Hunt and Helms gave
"turn of the head" approval to the Shaw-Ferrie assassination plan as a
minimum form of support.
The assassination group, having failed in Miami and Chicago, moved an
operational team into Dallas during the second week in November of 1963.
Shaw, Ferrie, Gabaldin and other high-level plotters travelled in other
directions, establishing alibis as planned. On November 22, Gabaldin was in
Mexico City, Shaw was in San Francisco, and Ferrie was in New Orleans. The
team moving into Dallas included Albert Osborne, William Seymour, Emilio
Santana, Frenchy, Fred Crisman, Jim Hicks, Jim Braden, and a new recruit
from Los Angeles, Jack Lawrence. There was also a back-up rifle team of
Cubans to be used at a location near the International Trade Mart in the
event something went wrong at Dealey Plaza.
Where the Teams Stayed
The teams stayed at two locations in Dallas for two weeks. One was a rooming
house run by a woman named Tammie True. During this period final
preparations for the assassination in Dealey Plaza were made. These included
the collecting of and planting of evidence used to frame Oswald, the
recruiting of the Dallas police participants, and the plans for the escape
of the team members by car and by train. The riflemen selected were William
Seymour in the Depository Building, Jack Lawrence and Frenchy on the grassy
knoll, and Emilio Santana in the Dal Tex building. Jim Hicks was set up as
radio coordinator and a man with each of the riflemen had a two-way radio.
They were Jim Braden, Dal Tex; Fred Crisman, knoll; unidentified American
(tall tramp), knoll; and a man in the TSBD Building. Osborne was in overall
charge of the Dallas teams, but he did not go to Dealey Plaza. A fifth
gunman, known to researchers as the umbrella man, was stationed on the
street with an umbrella weapon furnished by the CIA. He was accompanied by
another Cuban acting as a radio man.
The people involved in framing Oswald included Seymour (who used his
identity), someone who posed for two pictures holding a rifle, a
photographer who took the pictures and someone who superimposed Oswald's
head on the two negatives. Also, someone who took Oswald's rifle from his
garage and his pistol from his room, taking several bullets and shells with
the pistol, fired three shells and one bullet through the rifle, and planted
the rifle and rifle shells on the sixth floor of the TSBD and a rifle bullet
at Parkland Hospital. The pistol shells were given to William Seymour for
planting later on. The photographers also planted photos of General Walker's
house and driveway to implicate Oswald in the Walker shooting.
Dallas Policemen Involved
The policemen involved were J. D. Tippit, who was to drive two of the
assassins, Seymour and his radio man, away in his police car; Bill
Alexander; Jerry Hill; Sergeant McDonald; Lieutenant Montgomery; Lieutenant
Johnson; and Lieutenant Batchelor, who escorted Jack Ruby into the jail to
McDonald was assigned to kill Oswald upon his arrest in the Texas Theatre.
Jerry Hill was involved in that event as well as in the planting of evidence
against Oswald in the TSBD Building. Montgomery and Johnson were involved in
planting the paper bag as evidence against Oswald. Alexander and Batchelor
were primarily responsible for making sure that Jack Ruby assassinated
Oswald and that he didn't talk about it afterward. Alexander was present on
every occasion when Ruby was questioned or interviewed in the jail, in spite
of Ruby's efforts to have him removed.
Other Persons Involved in Framing Oswald
Also involved in framing Oswald were Marina Oswald; her lawyer, James
Martin; and someone in the Dallas police force. She was talked into three
points of false testimony: she said she took the two fake photos of Oswald
with a camera she claimed was his. She fabricated, or was handed, the false
story about Oswald's attempt to shoot General Walker and taking two pictures
of Walker's house with the same camera. (Oswald did neither.) She told a
false story about a falling out she and Oswald supposedly had and
exaggerated his mean treatment of their children. There are good indications
that these moves were made by the CIA operatives in the group who threatened
to send Marina back to Russia. (Marina's uncle was a high-level officer in
On the day of the assassination four men with rifles, accompanied by their
radio men and several other team members, moved into Dealey Plaza. Seymour
and a radio man entered the TSBD Building through the freight entrance and
worked their way to the roof. Santana and Braden went into the Dal Tex
building through the freight entrance on Houston St. and up a back staircase
to the second floor. Lawrence, Frenchy, Crisman and the tall tramp took up
two positions on the grassy knoll. Lawrence was inside the westernmost
cupola after parking his car in the parking lot behind the knoll. Frenchy,
Crisman and the tall tramp were near the fence. Jim Hicks was in the
Adolphus Hotel a few blocks away, testing the two-way radio communication
with the four radio men, until he proceeded to the Plaza and mingled with a
large crowd (near the corner of Houston and Elm Streets). The umbrella man
stood near the Stemmons Freeway sign on Elm Street accompanied by his radio
The other team members stationed themselves in the crowd (along Elm Street).
After the shots were fired, they circulated through the crowd in front of
the TSBD on Elm Street, on the grassy knoll, and behind the TSBD Building,
identifying themselves as Secret Service agents and asking witnesses and
officials questions to find out whether the assassins had been detected.
There are clear photos of one of these men. One other man was at the corner
of the wall on the grassy knoll.
Upon a visual and oral signal from the man at the wall and upon a radio
command from Hicks, the team fired its first round of shots. Crisman
received the command from Hicks and caused Frenchy to fire a shot from a
position behind the fence on the knoll, about twenty feet west of the corner
of the fence. This shot missed. The umbrella man fired a shot using his
small-bore umbrella gun. When this shot struck JFK in the throat, the dart
paralyzed JFK and later presented by Commander Humes to the FBI.
The shot was fired at Zapruder frame 189: JFK was behind a large oak tree,
hidden from the sixth floor window of the TSBD Building. On command from
Braden, Emilio Santana fired his first shot two seconds later from the
second floor window of the Dal Tex building at Z 225 after JFK came out from
behind the sign in Zapruder's film. The shot struck JFK in the back about 5
3/4" down from the collar line, penetrated to a depth of about two inches
and stopped. The bullet fell out of JFK's back somewhere in or at the
Parkland Hospital, or perhaps travelled down inside the body of the
President, and was never recovered.
William Seymour fired his shot from the west end of the TSBD Building upon
command from his radio man between Z 230 and Z 237, after Santana's shot. He
used a Mauser rifle with no telescopic sight. While he was aiming at JFK, he
fired high and to the right, hitting John Connally in the back. The bullet
travelled through Connally's chest and then entered his left thigh. The
bullet fell out of his thigh in or near Parkland Hospital and was never
recovered. Governor Connally's wrist was not hit at that time.
Jack Lawrence did not fire a shot in the first round because from his cupola
position he did not have a clear shot.
Hicks gave a second radio command for another round of shots as JFK passed
the Stemmons Freeway sign.
Emilio Santana fired his second shot between Z 265 and Z 275. The bullet
narrowly missed JFK, passed over the top of his head and over the top of the
limousine's windshield. It travelled on to strike the south curb of Main
Street, breaking off a piece of concrete which flew up and hit James Tague.
The bullet either disintegrated or flew into the area beyond the overpass.
It was not found.
William Seymour may have fired a second shot which may have struck JFK in
the upper right part of his head at Z 312. That bullet disintegrated.
Upon command from his radio man, Jack Lawrence fired his first shot from a
pedestal on the west side of the south entrance to the western cupola on the
grassy knoll. The shot may have hit Connally's wrist.
Frenchy fired the fatal shot through the trees from his position behind the
The Lawrence shot or possibly the second Seymour shot produced a bullet
fragment that passed through Connally's right wrist at Z 313. At that time
his wrist was elevated and nearly directly in front of JFK's head, in such a
position that Connally's right palm was facing JFK as the governor fell into
his wife's arms. The fragment entered the front of his wrist and exited from
Lee Harvey Oswald started November 22, 1963 with the knowledge that there
might be an attempt on JFK's life during the day. He had reported this
possibility to the FBI in his informer's role five days earlier; he
undoubtedly thought the FBI and Secret Service would be protecting the
President. His communications with the assassination team had prepared him
to meet with them in the Texas Theatre if anything happened that day. There
is also a possibility he received a telephone call immediately after the
shots, telling him to go to the theatre.
He had gone to his and Marina's rooms in Irving to pick up curtain rods for
his bare windows in his Oak Cliff room. He carried the curtain rods in a
paper bag on his way to work that morning with Wesley Frazier. He worked on
the sixth floor of the TSBD as well as on the other floors that morning. He
helped a crew of men lay a new floor on the sixth floor, move a large number
of book cartons and school supplies over to the eastern side of the floor,
including some cartons near the southeastern window that faced Elm Street.
Oswald went to the first floor of the building at approximately 12:15 p.m.
and returned to the second floor lunchroom just before 12:30. He was
drinking a coke there at 12:31 when Officer Baker and Mr. Truly, the
building manager, encountered him while rushing up the stairs from the first
floor. At the sight of Baker's gun drawn and seeing the commotion outside,
he no doubt realized what had happened.
He immediately left the building via the freight platform entrance on the
northeast side and travelled to his rooming house via bus and taxi. He
picked up his pistol there and went directly to the Texas Theater where he
met two of the assassination team and was sitting with them in the theatre
when the police arrived. One of these men may have been William Seymour.
The Dallas police members of the team planned to shoot Oswald in the theatre
while arresting him. When he was arrested he did not realize at first that
he had been framed. When this began to become clear to him on Saturday,
November 23, he remained confident that the FBI would get him out of the
situation. After all, he worked for them!
Jack Ruby, in addition to his Mafia involvements and other criminal
activities, was also running guns to Cuba and carrying payoff money to other
anti-Castro groups on behalf of various CIA-backed projects. His involvement
in the assassination of JFK appears to have been minor, even though he knew
about it in advance. In his night club Ruby met on several occasions with
Clay Shaw, David Ferrie, and William Seymour.
The group decided to assassinate Oswald in jail after the police failed to
kill him in the Texas Theatre. Alexander made arrangements to have Batchelor
escort Ruby into the jail when it was known Oswald was being moved. They
arranged an audible signal (an auto horn) to let Batchelor and Ruby know
when Oswald was coming down an elevator into the garage. They came down an
elevator opposite the one carrying Oswald.
Clay Shaw gave Ruby his instructions to shoot Oswald through Breck Wall.
Shaw telephoned Wall from San Francisco and Wall called Ruby. He was told it
was an official CIA-sponsored act, in the best interests of the United
States, and that he would be out of jail in a few days after his capture.
The planting of the evidence against Oswald first began with William
Seymour, who used Oswald's identity during September and October, 1963.
Next, the faked photographs of Oswald were created. Two of the team members
used a camera of their own to take the two pictures of General Walker's
house and the two shots of one of the men supposedly in Oswald's back yard.
They planted the pictures in Oswald's garage. Next, they stole Oswald's
rifle from the garage prior to November 22, fired several shots from it, and
preserved three shells, one bullet, and several bullet fragments.
They planted the rifle, the three shells, the bullet (399) and the bullet
fragments in the TSBD, the hospital and the JFK limousine on November 22.
They also took Oswald's pistol at some time prior to November 22, fired
several shots from it and saved the shells. William Seymour, after shooting
policeman Tippit, ran away in such a manner as to attract attention,
throwing the shells from Oswald's gun into the air as he ran so that
witnesses would see them. (The shells matched Oswald's pistol. None of the
All of the work with Oswald's rifle, pistol, and the fake photos was
probably done at the same time. The rifle, pistol and Communist newspapers
had to be available together for the backyard photos. The faking of the
photographs, the firing of rifle and pistol, the retrieval of the shells
from rifle and pistol and of bullet 399 and the bullet fragments from the
rifle all required enough time that the event occurred well in advance of
As mentioned before, plans were made for the team to escape by car, train,
and airplane. Evidence shows:
A white car was parked straddling a log barrier behind the
western cupola on the grassy knoll. It left that spot one minute after
the shots were fired and drove eastward on the Elm Street extension in
front of the TSBD.
A white station wagon driving west on Elm Street stopped at the
foot of the grassy knoll at 12:40 p.m., ten minutes after the shots were
fired. It picked up a man who looked like Oswald and drove under the
A railroad train carrying three "tramps" began to leave the
freight train area west and north of the TSBD at around one o'clock,
thirty minutes after the shots. The train was under the tower control of
Lee Bowers and was stopped by him. The tramps were arrested.
A police car stopped in front of Oswald's rooming house and
honked twice around 1:10 p.m.
Policeman Tippit's patrol car was far out of position in the Oak
Cliff area near Ruby and Oswald's rooming houses. Tippit was shot by two
men, one of whom was Billy Seymour.
A small airplane was sitting at the Redbird Airport, a location
in the same direction as Oak Cliff, a little further out from Dealey
Plaza. Its engines were running. It was ready for takeoff at 1 p.m.
David Ferrie went to Houston, Texas on the afternoon of November
22, driving at high speed through bad thunderstorms to get there. He was
positioned at a pay telephone at an ice skating rink near the Houston
airport, until receiving a phone call there. After that he returned to
These escape plans were modified after the assassination. It became
unnecessary for any of the Dealey Plaza participants to escape by airplane.
The framing of Oswald and the failure of the Secret Service or FBI to detect
any of the escaping gunmen or their assistants permitted these changes. One
of the men in the Dealey Plaza -- probably pretending to be a Secret Service
agent -- reported an "all clear" situation to Shaw in San Francisco. Shaw
notified Ferrie that they didn't need an airplane to escape with while
Ferrie was waiting in Houston. Ferrie changed his plans and drove back to
The gunmen who did escape followed these routes: Jack Lawrence got into his
car parked behind the cupola and either drove or was driven back to his
cover job location at the automobile agency. He left almost immediately
afterward and travelled to North Carolina. Frenchy ran back to the freight
car area and climbed into one of the box cars sitting on a siding northwest
of the TSBD. He was arrested at 1 p.m. by Officers Harkness, Bass and Wise,
but was released by Sheriff Elkins later in the afternoon. Santana walked
out the back entrance of the Dal Tex building and may have joined Seymour in
a white station wagon on Elm Street at 12:40 p.m. Seymour left the roof of
the TSBD via a back stairway, exited from the freight entrance in the rear
of the building, and walked on Houston Street past the Elm Street extension.
He walked down the grassy knoll to Elm Street where he was picked up at
12:40 p.m. by the white station wagon.
The other Dealey Plaza participants, Crisman, a tall tramp, Braden and Hicks
escaped by various means. Braden was arrested and released. Hicks drove
home. Crisman and the tall tramp followed Frenchy's route into the box cars.
David Belin of the Warren and Rockefeller Commission is fond of saying, "Lee
Harvey Oswald killed policeman Tippit. Since the case against Oswald for the
Tippit slaying is so strong, it follows that Oswald also shot the
President." The case against Oswald in the Tippit murder is as weak as the
case against him in the JFK assassination. The most important evidence
showing that Seymour and another one of the assassination team shot Tippit
is the fact that six witnesses, ignored by the Warren Commission, saw two
men shoot Tippit. One of them resembled Oswald. They ran away from the scene
in opposite directions. Seymour ran toward the Texas Theater, throwing the
planted shells up in the air so that witnesses would see and recover them.
(This act would convince most people that Oswald did not shoot Tippit.) The
other assassin ran in the opposite direction. There is some indication that
Seymour entered the theater in a manner to draw attention and then left
before the Oswald arrest. While the shells recovered were found to match
Oswald's pistol, none of the bullets recovered from Tippit's body matched.
Comments and Congressional Actions Needed
The above scenario comes much closer to explaining what happened to John
Kennedy than either the Warren Commission Report or the Rockefeller
Commission report. It matches the known evidence from the two prime sources,
the Warren Commission files in the National Archives, and the evidence
produced by the Garrison investigation (most of which was turned over the
the Committee to Investigate Assassinations, Washington, D.C.).
However, without subpoena power, and with extremely limited resources, no
group of citizens such as the Committee or Mark Lane's Citizens Commission
can determine the ultimate truth about the assassination.
Only a properly constituted Congressional committee or group with resources
and subpoena power, and with the power and courage to combat the Power
Control Group involved in the assassination and its cover-up, whoever they
may be, can reach the truth.
This chapter has been prepared as a guideline for such a committee, rather
than as the ultimate solution.
It should be utilized in conjunction with two other documents already
submitted to the four Congressional groups interested in the case. The
- The Senate;
- The House Special Committee on Intelligence;
- Thomas Downing, Representative from Virginia, who introduced
House Resolution 498 to reopen the JFK assassination investigation;
- Henry Gonzalez, Representative from Texas, who introduced House
Resolution 204 to reopen the assassination inquiries on John and Robert
Kennedy, Martin Luther King, and George Wallace.
The Two Documents
- "Recommendations for the Senate and House Committee's
Investigations of Illegal and Subversive Domestic Activities of the CIA
and FBI", memorandum by Richard E. Sprague (submitted to them).
- "The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy: the Involvement
of the Central Intelligence Agency in the Plans and the Cover-Up", by
Richard E. Sprague, in People and the Pursuit of Truth, May,
Assistant to District Attorney Wade, Dallas County.
CIA agent. Participated in Mexico City meetings.
Officer Marion Baker
Dallas motorcycle police officer entering Texas School Book
Depository after shots.
Head of clandestine CIA station in New Orleans - ran Banister
Detective Agency. Front for anti-Castro Cuban groups. Former FBI
agent and member of New Orleans police. Died of "heart attack" June
1964. David Ferrie worked for him. Oswald used his office and
Officer Billy Bass
Dallas police officer; arrested "tramps" in Dealey Plaza.
Dallas police lieutenant.
Warren Commission lawyer.
Major L. M. Bloomfield
Resident of Montreal, Canada. Member of board of Centro Mondiale
Commerciale, CIA front-organization in Rome. Visited by Ferrie and
Shaw in fall 1963.
John Howard Bowen
CIA agent. Alias Albert Osborne. Long clandestine record. On bus to
Mexico with Oswald. Participated in Mexico City meetings.
Railroad tower control operator, Dealey Plaza. Died in curious
Alias Eugene Hale Brading. Mafia hoodlum and CIA contract agent.
Acted as radio man in Dealey Plaza.
Central Intelligence Agency.
Fred Lee Crisman
OSS and CIA domestic agent from Tacoma, Washington. Participated
with Frenchy and others as radio man in Dealey Plaza.
CIA operative in Mexico City.
Louisiana and Texas industrialist.
Johnny Mitchell Deveraux
CIA agent, Mexico City. May have impersonated Oswald in Mexico.
Sheriff Harold Elkins
Dallas County Deputy Chief.
Federal Bureau of Investigation, then headed by J. Edgar Hoover.
Resident of New Orleans French Quarter. Pilot for Eastern Airlines.
Bay of Pigs, CIA contractor for pilot training and clandestine
flights. Associate of Clay Shaw, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby;
murdered Feb. 1967; death termed "suicide" by officials.
Real name(s) not yet determined. French Canadian adventurer. CIA
contract agent. Training for second invasion of Cuba in Florida
Keys. Knew Howard, Hall, Seymour, Hemming, and Santana. Fired shots.
Also involved in King assassination.
Former OSS operative and CIA agent in Mexico City. Movie made about
his World War II exploits, Jeffrey Hunter played Gabaldin role.
Assassination planning done in his Mexico City apartment.
Anti-Castro adventurer from southern California. One of three men
who visited Sylvia Odio and said JFK would be assassinated. Close
friend of Lawrence Howard, William Seymour and other no-name key
adventurers. Raising funds for them in 1963.
Deputy Director - Plans, CIA, in 1963.
Jerry Patrick Hemming
CIA agent and trainer of mercenaries at no-name key.
Radio specialist from Dallas. Was radio communications coordinator
in Dealey Plaza. Placed in mental hospital run by the military.
Friend of Augustinovich. Participated in Mexico City meetings on the
Anti-Castro adventurer. No-name key group. Friend of Loran Hall and
William Seymour. Visited Sylvia Odio. Kept no-name key photo album.
Provided Garrison with pictures.
E. Howard Hunt
CIA agent. Acting station chief CIA clandestine station in Mexico
City in 1963.
Dallas police lieutenant.
Resident of West Virginia and southern California. Minuteman and
adventurer. Fired shots.
Marina Oswald's business manager.
Dallas police lieutenant; helped frame Oswald.
Richard Case Nagell
CIA operative in Mexico City; testified before Congressional
Office of Strategic Services.
Lee Harvey Oswald
Dallas and New Orleans resident. CIA and FBI agent and informer.
Patsy in assassination.
Wife of Lee Harvey Oswald. Helped to frame her husband.
Mafia connections. Anti-Castro CIA contracts. Owner of Dallas night
club. Recruited to shoot Oswald.
Cuban adventurer. Anti-Castro, in no-name key group. Was in Dealey
Plaza firing shots.
Mexican-American adventurer and hired killer. On no-name key
training for second invasion of Cuba in 1963. Impersonated Lee
Harvey Oswald and resembled Oswald. Fired shots in Dealey Plaza.
Killed Officer Tippit.
New Orleans French Quarter resident. Manager International Trade
Mart, CIA contract agent, member board of directors of CIA
organization, Centro Mondiale Commerciale. Murdered in 1974. Living
double life as Clay Bertrand, friend of David Ferrie.
Sergio Arcacha Smith
Anti-Castro Cuban. Devoted to overthrowing Castro. CIA contract
agent. Close to Guy Banister, Ferrie, and New Orleans CIA
operations. Fled to Texas, escaped Garrison subpoena. Protected by
Governor John Connally from extradition.
Carlos Prio Socarras
Former premier of Cuba. Violent Anti-Castro millionaire. Backed
Cuban invasion plans and CIA efforts. Lived in Miami area. Murdered
Spectator in Dealey Plaza, hit by piece of curbing thrown up by
bullet striking near him.
J. D. Tippit
Dallas policeman, shot on November 22, 1963. Co-conspirator in
assassination, Mafia and CIA functionary.
Owner of CIA safe house in Dallas.
Manager of Texas School Book Depository.
Texas School Book Depository Building in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, from
which Oswald was supposed to have fired shots at President John F.
Right-wing former Army General. Resident of Dallas. Supposedly shot
at by Oswald.
Friend of Clay Shaw and Jack Ruby.
Dallas police officer, arrested "tramps" in Dealey Plaza.
For a complete listing of articles on political assassinations in
the United States, published in Computers and People (formerly
Computers and Automation), see the issues of People and the Pursuit
of Truth, May 1975, p. 6, and June, 1975, p. 5, published by Berkeley
Enterprises, Inc., 815 Washington St., Newtonville, Mass. 02160.
1978 Los Angeles Free Press - Special Report No 1, page 16,
copy of receipt given to Commander James J. Humes MC, USN "for Missile
removed on this date (Nov. 22, 1963)," signed by Francis X. O'Neill, Jr.,
James W. Sibert, FBI Agents.
Also Postmortem, by Harold Weisberg, page 266, the missile
As mentioned earlier, it is also possible that one of the team
called him from a telephone inside the TSBD.
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