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MOTORCADE OCCUPANTS

The most heavily guarded in SS History ?

The motorcade consisted of numerous cars, police motorcycles and press
buses :

The pilot car, a white Ford sedan: Dallas Police Deputy Chief George L.
Lumpkin, Dallas homicide detectives Billy L. Senkel and F.M. Turner, and
Lt. Col. George Whitmeyer, commander of the local Army Intelligence
reserve unit.[104]

Three two-wheel Dallas police motorcycle officers under the command of
Sgt. S. Q. Bellah.

Five two-wheel motorcycle officers.

The lead car, an unmarked white Ford police sedan: Dallas Police Chief
Jesse Curry (driver), Secret Service Agent Winston Lawson (right front),
Sheriff Bill Decker (left rear), Agent Forrest Sorrels (right rear).[105]
Two-wheel motorcycle officer Sgt. Stavis "Steve" Ellis.[106]

The presidential limousine, known to the Secret Service as SS-100-X (with
District of Columbia license plate GG 300), a dark blue 1961 Lincoln
Continental convertible: Agent Bill Greer (driver), Agent Roy Kellerman
(right front), Nellie Connally (left middle), Texas Governor John Connally
(right middle), First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy (left rear), President
Kennedy (right rear).

Four Dallas Police motorcycle escorts, two on each side of the
presidential limousine, flanking the rear bumper: Billy Joe Martin and
Robert W. “Bobby” Hargis (left), and James M. Chaney and Douglas L.
Jackson (right).[107]

Halfback (a Secret Service code name), a black 1955 Cadillac convertible:
Agent Sam Kinney (driver), Agent Emory Roberts (right front), Agent Clint
Hill (left front running board), Agent Bill McIntyre (left rear running
board), Agent John D. Ready (right front running board), Agent Paul Landis
(right rear running board), Presidential aide Kenneth O'Donnell (left
middle), Presidential aide David Powers (right middle), Agent George
Hickey (left rear), Agent Glen Bennett (right rear).[108]

1961 light blue Lincoln four door convertible: Hurchel Jacks of the Texas
Highway Patrol (driver), Agent Rufus Youngblood (right front), Senator
Ralph Yarborough (left rear), Lady Bird Johnson (center rear),
Vice-President Lyndon Johnson (right rear).[109]

Varsity (Secret Service code name), a yellow 1963 Ford Mercury hardtop:
Joe H. Rich of the Texas Highway Patrol (driver), Vice Presidential aide
Cliff Carter (front middle), Secret Service agents Jerry Kivett (right
front), Warren W. "Woody" Taylor (left rear), and Thomas L. "Len" Johns
(right rear).[110]

White 1963 Ford Mercury Comet convertible: Texas Highway Patrolman
Milton T. Wright (driver), Dallas mayor

Earle Cabell and his wife Elizabeth, and Congressman Ray Roberts.
[111]

National press pool car (on loan from the telephone company), a blue- gray
1960 Chevrolet Bel Air sedan: telephone company driver; assistant White
House press secretary Malcolm Kilduff (right front); Merriman Smith, UPI
(middle front); Jack Bell, AP; Robert Baskin, Dallas Morning News; Bob
Clark, ABC News (rear).

First camera car, a yellow 1964 Chevrolet Impala Convertible: a Texas
Ranger (driver); David Wiegman Jr., NBC; Thomas J. Craven Jr., CBS; Thomas
"Ollie" Atkins, White House photographer; John Hofan, an NBC sound
engineer; Cleveland Ryan, a lighting technician.

Second camera car: Frank Cancellare, UPI; Cecil Stoughton, White House
photographer; Henry Burroughs, AP; Art Rickerby, Life magazine; Donald C.
“Clint” Grant, Dallas Morning News. Dallas Police motorcycle escorts
H.B. McLain and Marion L. Baker.

Third camera car, a Chevrolet convertible: driver from the Texas
Department of Public Safety; photographer Robert H. Jackson, The Dallas
Times Herald; photographer Tom Dillard, Dallas Morning News; Jimmy
Darnell, WBAP-TV, Fort Worth; Mal Couch, WFAA-TV/ABC [3]; James R.
Underwood, KRLD-TV.[112]

First car of Congressmen.

Second car of Congressmen.

Third car of Congressmen.

VIP staff car carrying a governor's aide and the military and Air Force
aides to the president.

Dallas Police motorcycle escorts J.W. Courson and C.A. Haygood.

First White House press bus: Mary Barelli Gallagher, Jacqueline Kennedy's
personal secretary; Pamela Turnure, Jacqueline Kennedy's press secretary;
Marie Fehmer Chiarodo, the Vice President's secretary; Liz Carpenter,
staff director for Lady Bird Johnson; Jack Valenti, in charge of press
relations during President Kennedy's visit to Texas; Robert MacNeil, NBC
News; and a few others.[113]

Local press car with four Dallas Morning News reporters.

Second White House press bus.

Dallas Police motorcycle escorts R. Smart and B.J. Dale.

Chevrolet sedan: Evelyn Lincoln, the President's personal secretary;
Dr. George Burkley, the President's personal physician.

1957 black Ford hardtop: Two representatives from Western Union.

1964 white Chevrolet Impala: White House Signal Corps officer Art
Bales; Army Warrant Officer Ira Gearhart.

1964 white-top, dark-body Chevrolet Impala.
Third White House press bus: staff and members of the Democratic
Party.

1963 black and white Ford police car.
Solo three-wheel Dallas Police motorcycle escort.

Keynotes :

[104]^ Warren Commission Testimony of F.M. Turner, April 3, 1964.
Detective Senkel's surname is misspelled as "Shekel" in Turner's
Warren Commission testimony.

[105]^ Statement of Winston G. Lawson, Dec. 1, 1963. Warren Commission
Testimony of Forrest V. Sorrels, May 7, 1964.

[106]^ Interview of Stavis Ellis by Larry A. Sneed, No More Silence:
An Oral History of the Assassination of President Kennedy, University
of North Texas Press, 2002, p. 144.

[107]^ Warren Commission Testimony of B.J. Martin, April 3, 1964.
Warren Commission Testimony of Bobby W. Hargis, April 8, 1964. Gary
Savage, JFK First Day Evidence, Shoppe Press, 1993, p. 363. ISBN
0-963-81165-7.

[108]^ Statement of Emory P. Roberts, Nov. 29, 1963. Statement of
Samuel A. Kinney, Nov. 30, 1963.

[109]^ [Statement of Hurchel Jacks], Nov. 28, 1963. Statement of Rufus
W. Youngblood, Nov. 29, 1963.

[110]^ Statement of Joe Henry Rich, Nov. 28, 1963. Statement of Jerry
D. Kivett, Nov. 29, 1963. Statement of Thomas L. Johns, Nov. 29, 1963.
Report of Clifton C. Carter, May 20, 1964.

[111]^ Statement of Milton T. Wright, Nov. 28, 1963. Warren Commission
Testimony of Earle Cabell, July 13, 1964.

[112]^ Warren Commission Testimony of Robert Hill Jackson. Warren
Commission Testimony of Tom C. Dillard, April 1, 1964.

[113]^ Transcript, Marie Fehmer Chiarodo Oral History Interview II,
August 16, 1972, by Joe B. Frantz, Internet Copy, Lyndon B. Johnson
Library.


end ....
 


OCCUPANTS OF MOTORCADE

 

 

 PART 5

Motorcade occupants

281) Lt. Col. George L. Whitmeyer,East Texas Section Commander of the Army Reserve, rode in pilot car in motorcade [deceased 1978]:

a) WC references: 4 H 170 (Curry: listed as "Wiedemeyer"!); 21 H 578-579; 24 H 324 (Senkel's report); 24 H 326 (Turner's report);

b) 1970 interview with Larry Haapanen [3/9/94 letter from Haapanen to au-thor]---"Lt. Col. Whitmeyer was simply "along for the ride" with DPD Deputy Chief Lumpkin, who was an Army reserve officer and invited Whitmeyer, his Army advisor, to accompany him. Whitmeyer didn't have very much to say about the events in Dealey Plaza---mostly, he explained what he was doing there.";

c) 1/31/78 HSCA interview of Secret Service agent Winston Lawson (RIF#180-10074-10396)---"Mr. Lawson acknowledged that Lt. Col. George Whitmeyer, who was part of the Dallas District U.S. Army Command, who Lawson said "taught Army Intelligence" and who rode in the pilot car, "wasn't scheduled" to be in the motorcade. [as 17 H 615, Lawson's scheduled motorcade list, bears out]. Mr. Lawson denied that the presence of Col. Whitmeyer had anything to do with Lawson's prior service in the CIC.";

d) "Deep Politics and the Death of JFK" by Peter Dale Scott (1993), pp. 273-274;

e) 9/28/98 letter from George Whitmeyer JR. to Vince Palamara----"My fa-ther passed away in 1978 and therefore the answers to your questions are somewhat based on personal recollection of his information given to me. In regards to your first question, my father was invited by Col. George Lumpkin (ret.) (deceased) to ride in the point [sic] car of the motor-cade. He was not a scheduled particpant. I think that Col. Lumpkin was with the Dallas Police Department at the time. In regards to your second question, the point car in which my father was riding had already passed under the underpass and was turning onto Stemmons freeway when the assassination took place. They only saw the Presidential lim-ousine speeding by on its way to Parkland Hospital. At that time, the car my father was in returned to downtown Dallas and to the area of the Texas School Book Depository. Therefore, he did not see or hear the ac-tual assassination nor did he go to parkland Hospital.";

f) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 22, 30

282) Jacob L. "Jack" Puterbaugh, Democratic National Committee ad-vance man, rode in pilot car in motorcade (deceased):

a) WC references: (Lawson) 4 H 320, 322, 336-337, 341; (Sorrels) 7 H 335; 17 H 611, 615, 618, 619, 620, 621, 623, 625, 626, 630; 18 H 730, 761, 776; 21 H 546;

b) 9/5/70 interview with Larry Haapanen [transcript provided to the author from Haapanen]---"He said that he had no part in the actual selection for the lucheon [contrast this with 18 H 715, Rowley]…he had been told by Lawson

that there would be a total of four people in the car, but that it turned out that there were five [the addition of Whitmeyer, above]…Puterbaugh said that the pilot car stopped about 50 feet from the presidential limousine at Parkland, and that he got out and tried to keep back unauthorized people…he had heard someone say at Parkland that it looked very bad for the President, and had as-sumed that Kennedy had been killed…Puterbaugh said he has some doubts about the validity of the Warren Commission's findings, since "the ballistics stuff doesn't add up."";

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

c) "The Advance Man" by Jerry Bruno and Jeff Greenfield (1971), pp. 93-94;

d) 4/14/78 interview with the HSCA (RIF#180-10080-10069)---"Puterbaugh met Forrest Sorrels, the SAIC of the Secret Service in Dallas, and drove the al-ternative motorcade routes with him."; "…he heard shots…They [the pilot car] pulled over and let the motorcade pass.";

e) 1/3/98 letter to Vince Palamara [see also the Spring 1998 issue of KAC journal]---"The security for the Dallas visit of President Kennedy was stricter than what I previously observed." [?!]

f) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 30, 128

283) DPD Sergeant Samuel Q. Bellah, one of the three advance motorcycle officers in motorcade:

a) WC references: 7 H 581, 588; 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) "Fairfield (TX) Recorder", 11/17/88: based off interview with Bellah (photo inc.) [provided to the author by Bellah]---"On the night before his assign-ment, Bellah reviewed the planned route with his captain. The route was not the original that was to go straight through Dealey Plaza, but a revised route. The original plan would have skirted the Texas Book Depository building by a block, but the altered plan turned to pass directly in front of the build-ing…Bellah, who was riding in front of the presidential limousine, received a radio message that Kennedy had been shot and was ordered immediately to the book building. "We had to find out who did the shooting," he recalls."; "The fact that Ruby was in the basement of the city jail still puzzles Bellah because secu-rity was so tight there that the motorcycle sergeant was even required to show identification before being admitted to the building a few hours earlier. Bellah reports that Ruby was well known by Dallas police officers and that he was a supporter of the department. That still did not give permission for him to be in the jail basement as Oswald was being moved. "That's always been a mystery. I still don't know how he got in," the former policeman says.";

c) "Presidential Motorcade Schematic Listing" by Todd Wayne Vaughan (1993), p. 3;

d) "Pictures of the Pain" by Richard Trask (1994), pages 154, 233, 234, 519, and 616 [see also Trask's "That Day In Dallas" (1998), page 60];

e) 9/98 letter to Vince Palamara---did not observe JFK's wounds; 2 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol. 285) Secret Service Agent Winston G. "Win" Lawson, one of the two ad-vance agents for the Dallas trip, rode in lead car in motorcade:

284) DPD Stavis "Steve" Ellis, one of the five lead motorcycle officers in the motorcade [Starvis]:

a) WC references: 7 H 581; 12 H 135; 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) [see Kinney above];

c) 4/21/71 interview with Gil Toff (for "Murder From Within" [see also "Best Evidence", pages 370-371n])---saw a hole in the windshield;

d) CFTR radio CANADA interview 1976;

e) 8/5/78 interview with the HSCA (12 HSCA 23; see also "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs, p. 14, "High Treason", p. 22, "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson, p. 125, and "A Complete Book of Facts" by Duffy and Ricci", p. 171)---reported seeing a bullet strike the pavement "alongside the first car in the motorcade, approximately 100 to 125 feet in front of the car carrying Presi-dent Kennedy. Ellis said that just as he started down the hill of Elm Street, he looked back toward President Kennedy's car and saw debris come up from the ground at a nearby curb. Ellis thought it was a fragment grenade. Ellis said also that President Kennedy turned around and looked over his shoulder [?]. The second shot then hit him, and the third shot 'blew his head up'." ;

f) interview with Todd Wayne Vaughan (see Vaughan's book, page 4);

g) "Pictures of the Pain" by Richard Trask (1994), pages 61, 234, 475, 616;

h) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 142-153+photos;

i) 9/8/98 letter to Vince Palamara---"Yes, I did see a hole in the limousine windshield at Parkland Hospital. I did not see the bone fragment. The of-ficer on the escort with me said there was one fragment, approximately 6 or 7 inches around.";

j) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 36, 147, 148, 172, 139-140

a) WC references: WR 29-32, 39, 43, 53, 57, 202, 204, 431, 445-449, 452; 4 H 317-358 (testimony); 2 H 64, 66-68, 74, 76, 78, 80, 97, 105-106, 109-111, 142; 4 H 161, 171, 173-174, 314; 5 H 462; 7 H 335-339, 344-346; 12 H 28, 93; 17 H 593-626, 628-634; 18 H 722, 725, 730, 735, 739, 741, 742, 744, 751, 761, 762, 777, 778, 785, 786, 788, 789, 790, 791, 792, 793, 795, 797, 798, 810, 811, 814; 21 H 546-548; although Lawson helped remove JFK from the limou-sine onto a stretcher at Parkland, he was asked nothing (on the record) about the wounds, nor did he volunteer any such information in his reports!;

b) 1/31/78 HSCA interview of Secret Service agent Winston Lawson (RIF#180-10074-10396)---"As for the President's wounds, Mr. Lawson remembers only that they were head wounds and that they were concealed from his view by the presence of blood and then by a coat placed over JFK's head [by Clint Hill].";

c) "Mortal Error" by Bonar Meninger (1992), p. 233;

d) 9/27/92 interview with Vince Palamara

e) "Inside The Secret Service" video (1995, Discovery Channel);

f) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 26, 27, 31, 34-35, 122, 160-161, 168-169 3 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

g) “The Secret Service…” by Philip Melanson (2002/2003)

h) C-SPAN, 2003

i) “Dallas Morning News”, 11/22/03

j) 2004 correspondence with Vince Palamara

286) Forrest V. Sorrels, SAIC of the Dallas Secret Service office, rode in lead car in motorcade [deceased 11/6/93]:

a) 7 H 332-360 and 13 H 55-83: testimony;

b) 7 H 592: affidavit;

c) other WC references: WR 29, 31-32, 39, 43, 52, 156, 204, 206, 210, 445-446, 448-449, 452; 1 H 174, 177, 184-187, 260; 2 H 15, 68, 109, 182, 187, 199-200; 3 H 145-147, 150, 158, 160; 4 H 161, 170, 173-174, 197-199, 222, 227-228, 323-324, 326, 330-331, 336, 340, 344-346, 355-358, 470; 5 H 47, 206, 218, 245-249, 257, 461, 613; 6 H 234, 324, 408; 7 H 155, 257, 266, 297, 301, 537, 575, 580, 586, 590; 10 H 281, 309; 11 H 386; 12 H 21, 28, 84, 105, 368, 413-414, 430-433, 441-442; 13 H 4, 25-26, 34, 50-51, 103, 229; 14 H 95, 109-110; 15 H 65, 129, 465; 16 H 922-923; 17 H 595, 601, 607, 609, 615, 619, 620, 621, 622, 623, 624, 625, 628, 630, 631, 633; 18 H 722, 730, 761, 788, 789, 810; 21 H 536-547; 21 H 548 (report dated 11/28/63): "I looked towards the top of the terrace to my right as the sound of the shots seemed to come from that direction.";

d) 2/27/64 FBI interview---"Mr. Forrest V. Sorrels…advised that he was at the Parkland Memorial Hospital when President Kennedy was brought to the hospi-tal and said that he remained there until his body was taken to Love Field [?!]. Mr. Sorrels stated that there were no photographs taken of President Kennedy at the Parkland Hospital. He stated there were no photographs taken of him as he was being taken into the Parkland Hospital on a stretcher." [emphasis added];

e) 3/15/78 interview with the HSCA (RIF#180-10074-10392)---"He believed the President was dead before he arrived at the hospital. After arriving at Parkland Hospital, he decided that he could be of more help back at the scene of the shooting.";

f) 8/20/78 interview with Dallas Morning News reporter Earl Golz (see 8/27/78 DMN article by Golz; notes courtesy AARC)---wouldn't cooperate;

g) 1/28/92 and 9/27/92 interviews with Vince Palamara ---"The Warren Report stands";

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 19, 20, 24, 26, 32, 34, 42, 54, 85, 160

[June Kellerman, widow of the late Roy H. Kellerman, and daughter: see Kellerman, above]

[Richard Greer, son of the late William R. Greer: see Greer, above]

[Samuel A. Kinney: see Kinney, above]

[David F. Powers: see Powers, above] 4 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

[Bobbie Jacks, widow of Hurchel D. Jacks: see Jacks, above]

287) Secret Service Agent Rufus W. Youngblood, rode in LBJ's car in mo-torcade[deceased 10/2/96]:

a) WC references: WR 3, 46, 48, 51-52, 57-58, 453; 2 H 143-155 (testimony); 5 H 561-563, 565; 7 H 450, 474-475, 478; 17 H 595, 607, 613, 615; 18 H 681-682 (his report re: the drinking incident), 722, 724, 728, 735, 736, 737, 738, 747, 766-772 (his report), 773, 774, 775, 776, 777, 778, 779, 780, 781, 783, 801, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814;

b) 12/17/68 LBJ Library Oral History (inc. on audio tape);

c) His book "20 Years with The Secret Service" (1973);

d) HSCA contact/ interview (they did have his addresss)-?;

e) 10/22/92 and 2/8/94 interviews with Vince Palamara;

f) "Presidential Motorcade Schematic Listing" by Todd Wayne Vaughan (1993), p. 12---based off a 3/5/93 interview Vaughan had with Youngblood;

g) "The Secret Service" video (1995, History Channel);

h) 10/2/98 letter and photo from Howard Donahue ("Mortal Error") re: Youngblood---Donahue sent me a blow-up of a color photo of himself talking to Rufus Youngblood at a conference in Memphis, Tennessee back in 1996, as they had served in the very same Air Force unit, the 91st Bomb Group, in WWII!; Donahue: "…I am puzzled about the number of spectators who claimed to have smelled gunpowder---" Youngblood: "So did I after the last shot." [smell of gunpowder---see also 6 H 165+"POTP", p. 441 (Tom Dillard), 6 H 233 (DPD Earle Brown), 7 H 487+Capitol Records' "The Controversy"/ interview with Larry Schiller and Richard Lewis (Mrs. Elizabeth "Dearie" Cabell and re: Congressman Ray Roberts), 7 H 512+CD5, pp. 66-67 (Mrs. Donald Baker), 20 H 351 (Kantor re: Ralph Yarborough) + "The Death of a President", p. 156, "Murder From Within", page 65/ interview with Newcomb&Adams, "The Truth About The Assassination" by Charles Roberts, page 17, "Crossfire", p. 16 (all 4 re: Yarborough) , DPD B.J. Martin (see below), DPD Joe M. Smith (CD205, p. 310+"Texas Observer", 12/13/63+"Murder From Within", pages 65 and 92+"Conspiracy", p. 29), and Beverly Oliver ("Nightmare In Dallas", p. 122); ALSO: re: smoke---- 22 H 833 (James L. Simmons), "Rush To Judgment" film 1966 (Simmons, Richard Dodd, Sam Holland, and Lee Bowers), 22 H 834 (Nolan Potter), 22 H 836+"No More Si-lence" by Larry Sneed, pp.79-83 (Clemon Earl Johnson), 19 H 480, 514, 530 (Holland), 6 H 243 (Holland testimony), 19 H 485 (Austin Miller), Thomas Murphy: 5/6/66 interview ("Best Evidence", pages 16 and 723, and "Cover-Up" by Stewart Galanor, page 59), Walter Winborn: 3/17/65 and 5/5/66 interviews ("Best Evi-dence", pages 16 and 723, "Cover-Up" by Stewart Galanor, pages 59-60), and 6 H 230 (Frank Reilly), as well as Jean Hill ("Crossfire", p. 38), Beverly Oliver ("Night-mare In Dallas", p. 122), W.W. Mabra ("Crossfire", pp. 19-20, and "No More Si-lence", p.519 ), and Ed Hoffman ("JFK Breaking The Silence", p. 18). Also, see page 204 of Groden's "TKOAP" for a still photo from the Dave Weigman film which seems to show a puff of smoke lingering out from the trees on the knoll. In addii-ton, the Nix film, the John Martin film, and the Patsy Paschall film are all alleged to have evidence of smoke/ flashes on them. ]; 5 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

i) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 27, 37, 56, 60, 63, 67, 83, 160-163, 168-169

288) Secret Service Agent Jerry D. Kivett, rode in V.P. 's Secret Service fol-low-up car:

a) WC references: 2 H 147, 149, 152-154; 5 H 565; 7 H 474; 17 H 595, 601, 608, 615, 621; 18 H 722, 766, 767, 769, 770, 773, 774, 776-781 (his reports), 782, 783, 810, 811, 812, 813, 814;

b) HSCA contact/ interview (they did have his address)-?;

c) 12/8/97 letter to Vince Palamara (see also the Spring 1998 KAC jour-nal);

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 67

e) 2004 interview/ correspondence with Vince Palamara

[Milton T. Wright: see Wright, above]

289) Cecil W. Stoughton, White House Photographer, rode in Camera Car #2 in motorcade:

a) WC references: 2 H 98; 18 H 771, 775, 781, 813;

b) His book, co-authored w/ Clifton and Sidey, entitled "The Memories-JFK: 1961-1963" (1973);

c) interview with David Lifton ("Best Evidence", p. 677);

d) 11/22/83 appearance on "Good Morning America";

e) 5/6/85 (letter), 7/10/85, and 4/23/86 interviews with Richard Trask (see "POTP", pp. 22-54)---"Stoughton recalls that a man was washing the [rear lim-ousine] seat "with a cloth, and he had a bucket. There was blood all over the seat, and flower petals and stuff on the floor.";

f) 11/93 Disney Channel special "With The President";

g) "Biography: JFK, Jr." (1995) A&E Channel;

h) 1/23/97 letter to Richard Trask (see "That Day In Dallas", pp. 9-56);

i) 11/30/95 and 11/20/97 letters to Vince Palamara (see the Spring 1998 issue of KAC journal);

j) appearance at The Sixth Floor Museum, 1998;

k) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 168

290) Henry Dashiell Burroughs, AP B&W still photographer, rode in Cam-era Car #2 in motorcade:

a) 3/85, 8/21/85, 8/27/85, and 12/85 letters/ contacts with Richard Trask ["Pictures of the Pain" by Richard Trask (1994), pages 37, 49, 50, 306, 318, 6 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

393-395, 397-399, 402, 404, 406-408, 410-412, and 455]---"My recollection was hearing four shots."; "I took a picture of cleaning out the car…";

b) "That Day in Dallas" by Richard Trask (1998), pages 30, 51, 52, and 71;

c) 10/14/98 letter to Vince Palamara---"I was a member of the White House pool aboard Air Force One when we arrived with JFK in Dallas on that fateful day. We, the pool, were dismayed to find our pool car shoved back to about #11 position in the motorcade. We protested, but it was too late. The President had come to Texas primarily to mend political fences. That of course was the reason he brought Mrs. Kennedy too. The cars in the motorcade behind the President's and Secret Service and wire service car were all filled with local politicians. After the President's limousine turned the corner at the book depository we could not see him, but we heard the shots and the motorcade stopped. Looking across the park, in the far distance, I spotted the Queen Mary (the Secret Service follow-up car). An agent was standing and displaying an automatic rifle. Very un-usual; I had never seen them display weopons before. That's when we knew for sure that something very serious had occurred. Maj. Cecil Stoughten [sic], White House official photographer, convinced our driver, a local sheriff, to get out of the motorcade, and we eventually arrived at Parkland Hospital. The scene at the emergency entrance was utter chaos. The limousines that had carried the Presidential party and the Vice-Presidential party were askew. An agent with a stainless steel hospital bucket was cleaning up the rear seat of the President's limousine. Flow-ers were strewn over rear seats of both limos. A handful of people had clustered across the roadway. Many were crying. Secret Service had blocked off entrance to the Hospital, but after a short while Malcolm Kilduff, Assistant Press Secretar[y], came out and told me that things looked pretty bad. The President was in serious condition.Short while later, Kilduff called a press conference in one of the hospital classrooms and made the official announcement that the President was dead. I was the only AP man at that briefing. I ran out looking for an AP reporter or a phone; spotted Jack Bell, AP's top political reporter, on a hospital office phone. I reported what I had. He handed me the phone and said, "dictate it."Shortly afterward, Frank Cancellare, UPI photographer, and I, wan-dered out to the hospital entrance looking for some sign of the Presiden-tial party. We saw a limousine speeding off,and through the rear window we could spot that unmistakable pill box hat of Jacqueline Kennedy's. We grabbed a cab and headed for Air Force One at Love Field. When we ar-rived, Air Force One had been cordoned off by Army troops, but the ramp was still in place. Before we could worry about what to do, the plane door opened and out popped Maj. Cecil Staughten [sic]. He saw us stand-ing by and came over. He had a roll of film in his hand, and announced that he had just photographed the swearing-in of President Johnson, and asked me if AP would process the pictures and pool them with UPI. Can-cellare and I readily agreed and that's how that famous picture aboard Air Force One was transmitted to the world. Hope this is of some help. You are the first historian to ask me about that tragic day." [emphasis added];

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 120 7 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

THE JFK MEDICAL REFERENCE ASSASSINATION RESEARCH / Vol.

291) DPD Marrion L. Baker, motorcycle officer in motorcade:

a) 3 H 241-270 / testimony---see Chaney, reference "c)", below; (3 H 244 re: change of instructions) "When we got to the airport, our sergeant instructed me that there wouldn't be anybody riding beside the President's car.";

b) 7 H 592 / affidavit;

c) other WC references: WR 5-6, 149, 151-154, 156, 252; 3 H 221-228, 236, 240, 270, 280, 291; 4 H 163, 213; 6 H 297, 329, 331; 7 H 385-386, 543; 20 H 489; 26 H 679 [see also p. 159 of Stewart Galanor's "Cover-Up"];

d) early 1970's interview with Fred Newcomb and Perry Adams for "Murder From Within" (1974), pages 72 and 98;

e) “On Trial: Lee Harvey Oswald” 1986 [see "An Annotated Film. TV, and Video-graphy 1963-1992" by Anthony Frewin, p. 52---was he edited out of Showtime broadcast?];

f)“The Men Who Killed Kennedy” 1991/1995;

g) Portrayed by actor Bill Pickle in the 1991 Oliver Stone movie "JFK" (see "JFK: The Book of the Film", pp.168-168 [inc. comments from a March 1991 inter-view] and 585);

h) "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson (1993), pp. 23-24---lists many other sources, as well;

i) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 123-126+photos;

j) 10/98 letter to Vince Palamara---Palamara: "Are you aware of any or-ders not to have the motorcycles ride right beside JFK's limousine?" Baker: "Yes"; did not know why the press photographers were out of their usual position (in front of JFK)[ see 6 H 163+ “J. Edgar Hoover: The Fa-ther Of The Cold War” by R. Andrew Kiel (2000), page 302];

k) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 33, 37, 40, 46, 121, 172, 341, 366

l) “J. Edgar Hoover: The Father Of The Cold War” by R. Andrew Kiel (2000), page 302

292) Congressman Lindley Beckworth, rode in Congressman's Car #2 [de-ceased 1984]:

a) WC references: 17 H 614, 616;

b) 10/5/98 letter to Vince Palamara from Beckworth's son Gary---"My fa-ther Lindley was there. He passed away in 1984 from natural causes. One item of interest is that on Air Force One from Amon Carter Intl. Field-Fort Worth to Dallas-Love Field, he gave the President a Dallas Morning News which may have been the last newspaper seen by the President. They had stayed at the Hotel Texas in Ft. Worth the night before.";

293) DPD James M. Chaney, one of the Presidential motorcycle officers in the motorcade [deceased April 1976]:

a) WFAA/ ABC interview with Bill Lord, 11/22/63 [audio portion rebroadcast in May 1976 on CFTR radio's special "Thou Shalt not Kill"; see also "Killing Ken-nedy" by H.E.L., pp. 151-152, "That Day In Dallas" by Richard Trask, pages 115 8 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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and 119, and "High Treason", p. 232]--- Chaney explained that he was "riding on the right rear fender" of JFK's limo during the shooting, and that "the Presi-dent was struck in the face" by the SECOND shot. Lord ended the interview by telling the audience that "(Chaney) was so close his uniform was splattered with blood"!;

b) 11/24/63 "Houston Chronicle" [see also 2 H 43-45]---quoted as stating that the first shot missed entirely and that the Presidential limousine stopped mo-mentarily after the first shot;

c) other WC references: 3 H 266 (DPD Marrion Baker: "I talked to Jim Chaney, and he made the statement that the two shots hit Kennedy first and then the other one hit the Governor…he knew they came from behind him but he didn't know where."); 4 H 161 (Curry: notified by Chaney); 6 H 294 (Hargis) ; 12 H 28 (Curry again); 19 H 134; 20 H 489; 25 H 284 (Chaney's 11/28/63 report re: Ruby);

d) "Four Days In November" (1964, Wolper) film/ video;

e) early 1970's interview with Fred Newcomb and Perry Adams for "Murder From Within" (see pages 66 and 93)---"James M. Chaney, on the right, stated that all four [of the Presidential motorcycle officers] were hit with the "spray."; ALSO: "The bloody condition of Chaney's motorcycle and clothing were later noted by Sgt. Stavis Ellis at Parkland Hospital." (pages 66 and 93);

f) "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 14---Chaney "told newsmen the next day that the first shot missed.";

g)"JFK: The Dead Witnesses" by Craig Roberts and John Armstrong (1995), pp. 125-126---Chaney "stated to the local press that he witnessed separate shots hit Governor Connally and the President";

h) "That Day In Dallas" by Richard Trask (1998), p. 116: captioned photo of Chaney;

i) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 36, 40, 121, 147, 172, 341

294) DPD Robert Weldon "Bobby" Hargis, one of the Presidential motorcy-cle officers in the motorcade:

a) 11/24/63 "New York Daily News", p. 100 [see also "Murder From Within", pages 66 and 93, and "Cover-Up" by Stewart Galanor, p. 37]---"Hargis was struck so hard by a piece of skull bone that he said, "I thought at first I might have been hit." [Note: Hargis denied that he ever said this during an interview with Ian Griggs in 1995];

b) 6 H 293-296 / testimony----"…it sounded like the shots were right next to me…they probably could have been coming from the railroad overpass, because I thought since I had got splattered, with blood---I was just a little back and left of---just a little bit back and left of Mrs. Kennedy…"; "…it seemed like his head exploded, and I was splattered with blood and brain, and kind of bloody water.";

c) other WC references: 6 H 290, 292; 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

d) “The Men Who Killed Kennedy” 1991/1995---said that fellow DPD motorcycle officer "Buddy" Brewer pointed out to him a small piece of the President's bone and brain that was stuck to his lip;

e) “JFK: That Day In November” NBC 11/22/88;

f) Mark Oakes Eyewitness Video 1991; 9 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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g) Mark Oakes "Eyewitness Video III" 1998 [from 6/26/95]---Regarding the blood/ debris from JFK's head: "It hit me, it got Billy Joe Martin; it showered everything in the car behind it [indicating]" (this corroborates Sam Kinney's statements to Palamara); "I had a piece of skull on my lip…piece of his brain, piece of his bone…my motorcycle had stufff all over it" including his helmet.; "one [shot] hit his head…busted his head wide open." Hargis pointed to his right temple twice; Regarding Greer: "That guy slowed down, maybe his orders was to slow down…slowed down almost to a stop." Believes Greer gave Oswald the chance to kill JFK.

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 40, 121, 341, 343

295) DPD William Joseph (Billy Joe) "B.J." Martin, one of the Presidential motorcycle officers in the motorcade [deceased 1989]:

a) 6 H 289-293 / testimony---"There was blood and other matter on my wind-shield and also on my motor.";

b) other WC references: 3 H 265-266; 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

c) early 1970's interview with Fred Newcomb and Perry Adams for "Murder From Within" (pages 33, 42, 58, 64-65, 71, 76, 89, 92, 96, 101 [see also "Killing Kennedy" by H.E.L., p. 152])---"It is likely that he [referring to Gov. Connally] smelled gunpowder too [as Martin did]."; saw the limousine stop "…just for a moment."; Martin "said that at morning muster the four [Presidential motorcy-cle officers] were ordered that under no circumstances were they to leave their positions "regardless of what happened."" [see also 3 H 244+"No More Silence" by Larry Sneed, p. 123 (Baker), 4 H 171 (Curry), 6 H 293 (Martin), and 20 H 489: DPD Capt. Perdue Lawrence's 11/21/63 personnel assignments (same as the HSCA's JFK Exhibit F-679); Curry's interview with Newcomb and Adams (below); Baker's letter to Palamara, above; "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), p. 162/ DPD H.B. McLain];

d) "American Illustrated History", Nov. 1988, p. 17: interview with Edward Ox-ford;

e) "J.B. Marshall" in Jean Hill's 1992 book (with Bill Sloan) entitled "JFK: The Last Dissenting Witness" [Martin was Hill's alleged paramour];

f) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 40, 121, 155, 172, 341

[John and Nellie Connally, Jackie Kennedy, Clint Hill, Paul Landis, George Hickey, Godfrey McHugh, Ted Clifton, Admiral George Burkley, Seth Kan-tor, Joe H. Rich, Merriman Smith, Evelyn Lincoln, and Larry O'Brien: see above] 10 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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296) DPD Douglas L. Jackson, one of the Presidential motorcycle officers in the motorcade [deceased]:

a) WC references: 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) early 1970's interview with Fred Newcomb and Perry Adams for "Murder From Within" (pages 60, 66, 71, 89, 90, 93, and 96 [see also "Killing Kennedy" by H.E.L., pages 144 and 152)---"Mr. Connally was looking back toward me. And about that time then the second shot went off. That's the point when I knew that somebody was shooting at them because that was the time he [Con-nally] got hit---because he jerked. I was looking directly at him…he was look-ing…kind of back toward me and…just kind of flinched."; Jackson "stated that he was not hit [with blood/ debris]. This is possible because Jackson had begun to lag behind the limousine and was about ten feet away from it at the time of the fatal shot."; "…that car [JFK's limo] just all but stopped…just a moment.";

c) DPD James C. Bowles' manuscript "The Kennedy Assassination Tapes"---inc. a personal diary entry made on 11/22/63 by Jackson;

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 121, 172, 341

297) DPD Chief Jesse E. Curry, driver of the lead car in the motorcade [deceased June 1980]:

a) 11/20/63 televised warning to Dallas citizens (see "Four Days In November", 1964);

b) 11/22-11/24/63 televised statements, ABC, CBS, NBC (see also "Rush To Judgment");

c) 4 H 150-202 [not consulted about motorcade route: 4 H 169; see also CD 5, p. 4: learned of the route 11/21/63 via Lawson and Sorrells]; 12 H 25-42; 15 H 124-133 / testimony;

d) 15 H 640 / affidavit;

e) other WC references: too numerous to list (see "Referenced Index Guide to the Warren Commission" by Walt Brown, 1995, pp. 46-47 and 294;

f) 8/69 LBJ Library Oral History (audio tape)---there was no radio contact be-tween the lead car and the limousine and Lawson's portable radio was not working too well at the time;

g) His book "JFK Assassination File" (1969), pages 32, 34---"No hospital atten-dants were at the emergency entrance…The back seat was a gory sight---blood was everywhere…Even amid the confusion the Chief Executive looked dead. Visible respiration was gone; his eyes were dilated and fixed…Agent Hill finally convinced her [Jackie] to let go of the President. Apparently she didn't want anyone to see that the BACK of the President's head was partially blown off." [emphasis added]; "As Dr. Perry took charge he sized up the situation. A small neat wound was in the throat. The back of the head was massively damaged and blood from this wound covered the floor and the aluminum hospital cart. Dr. Perry examined the throat wound and assessed it as the entrance wound…at the time Dr. Perry insisted that the President was shot from the front----entering at the throat and exiting out the back of the head.";

h) early 1970's interview with Fred Newcomb and Perry Adams for "Murder From Within" (pages 32, 42, 157, 164, 183, and 185)---Texas law prohibited the removal of a body from the state without an autopsy; also: it was the Secret Service who changed the orders re: the placement of the motorcycles by JFK's 11 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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limo [see B.J. Martin, above, as well as 4 H 171 (Curry) and 338 (Lawson); 7 H 579-581; 17 H 605, 624; 18 H 741, 809; 20 H 489; 21 H 571, 768-770; see also 20 H 391 re: cancelled squad car];

i) “CBS News Inquiry” The American Assassins” 1975;

j) “The Fifth Estate-Dallas and After” 1977 CBC (interviewed by P.D.

Scott!);

k) "The Killing of President Kennedy” (1978/1983) [full lenghth version of

“Declassified: The Plot to Kill President Kennedy” (1978/1988)]---Curry said that, from the direction of the blood and the brain matter, one shot had to have come from the front;

l) 4/22/80 issue of "The Continuing Inquiry" newsletter: interview with Gary Mack re: "The Stop-And-Go Motorcade";

m) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 11, 18, 25-26, 32, 34, 42-43, 59, 83, 101-103, 117, 155, 161, 169, 172, 220, 416, 418, 419, 361-368, 404

298) Dallas Sheriff James Eric "Bill" Decker, rode in the lead car in the motorcade [deceased 8/29/70]:

a) 12 H 42-52 / testimony;

b) 19 H 458: Decker's report---"As I heard the first retort [sic], I looked back over my shoulder and saw what appeared to me to be a spray of water come out of the rear seat of the President's car…We arrived within minutes at the Emer-gency entrance to Parkland Hospital where I got out of the car and stood at the side of the Presidential automobile while the President was removed from the automobile and placed on a stretcher carriage and taken into the emergency room…";

c) 23 H 913---"Have my office move all available men out of my office into the railroad yard to try to determine what happened in there and hold everything secure until Homicide and other investigators should get there.";

d) other WC references: : too numerous to list (see "Referenced Index Guide to the Warren Commission" by Walt Brown, 1995, pp. 50-51 and 295);

e) Decker's report dated 11/22/63 as contained in CD 3 [LBJ Library]---"…I as-sisted with the removal of the President onto the hospital carriage. I also was present when the Governor was removed from the car.";

f) "Crossfire" by Jim Marrs (1989), p. 14---"On hearing the first burst of firing, Sheriff Decker glanced back and thought he saw a bullet bouncing off the street pavement." [missed shot/ pavement: DPD Stavis Ellis (12 HSCA 23; "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed, page 145), Virgie Baker (7 H 507, 515), Royce Skelton (6 H 236-238+19 H 496), Austin Miller (19 H 485 [see above]), Jack Franzen (17 H 840), Mrs. Franzen (24 H 525), Harry Holmes (7 H 290-292), and Secret Service agent Warren Taylor (18 H 782);ALSO: James Tague (7 H 552-558); MANHOLE COVER/ TURF: DPD J.W. Foster (6 H 252+"No More Silence" by Larry Sneed, pp. 212-213+Mark Oakes' videotaped interview), Hugh Betzner (24 H 200), 24 H 540, 12 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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Wayne and Edna Hartman (FBI report dated 7/10/64+"Crossfire", pp. 315-316+videotaped interview with Mark Oakes 1991+"Who's Who in the JFK Assas-ination", p. 175),Clemon Earl Johnson ("No More Silence" by Larry Sneed, p. 82), Newsman Harry Cabluck ("Crossfire", p. 315), DPD D.V. Harkness ("No More Si-lence" by Larry Sneed, p. 207), DPD Carl Day ("No More Silence" by Larry Sneed, p. 235), Jean Hill (6 H 221 [see above]), Deputy Sheriff Roger Craig (19 H 524+"Two Men In Dallas" video 1976), Deputy Sheriff Buddy Walthers (7 H 546+19 H 518+"High Treason", p. 131+Mark Oakes' letter from Walthers' widow Dorothy+"No More Silence", p.509+Al Maddox' 7/12/96 interview with Mark Oakes )+11/23/63 "Fort Worth Star-Telegram"+11/24/63 "Dallas Morning News"+12/21/63 "New Republic": story by Richard Dudman (all 3: see "Cross-fire", p. 315)+"JFK Assassination File" by Curry, p. 57+"POTP", pp. 496-498 ] Ac-cording to Duffy and Ricci in "A Complete Book of Facts" (p. 156), "Newspaper reports the afternoon of the shooting quoted Decker as saying that after he heard the first shot, he thought he saw a bullet bounce off the pavement.";

g) "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson (1993), page 107---provides many of the multiple sources of info. re: Decker that can be obtained from various other books;

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 23, 26, 36, 94, 161

299) DPD Harold R. ("H.R.", "Harry") Freeman, one of the lead motorcycle officers in the motorcade:

a) [see Kinney and Ellis above]

b) WC references: 7 H 28; 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

c) 4/21/71 interview with Gil Toff for "Murder From Within" [see also "Best Evi-dence", pp.370-371n] ---saw a bullet hole in the windshield at Parkland Hospi-tal;

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 139

300) DPD Bobby Joe Dale, one of two rear mid motorcade motorcycle offi-cers:

a) WC references: 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) 1978 Texas News re: acoustical tests for HSCA;

c) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 132-141+photos---[pp. 135-136]"…the President was on the gurney beside the car, and they were wheeling him in. At that time, it was obvious that nobody could have survived a wound like that…Blood and matter was everywhere inside the car including a bone fragment which was oblong shaped, probably an inch to an inch and a half long by three-quarters of an inch wide. As I turned it over and looked at it, I deter-mined that it came from some part of the forehead because there was hair on it which appeared to be near the hairline. There were other fragments around, but that was the largest piece that grabbed my attention. What stood out in my mind was that there was makeup up to the hairline. Apparently he had used makeup for the cameras to knock down the glare. It was fairly distinct where it 13 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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stopped and the wrap of skin took up. Other than that, nobody messed with anything inside the car in any manner, shape, or form. Nobody said, "Clean this up!" We then put the top up and secured it.";

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 120

301) DPD James W. ("J.W.") Courson, one of two mid motorcade motorcycle officers:

a) WC references 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) DPD James C. Bowles' manuscript "The Kennedy Assassination Tapes" (see also "POTP", p. 614);

c) "Presidential Motorcade Schematic Listing" by Todd Wayne Vaughan (1993), p. 24;

d) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 127-131+photos---[pp. 129-130] "The driver immediately got out into the center lane with me on his left rear and another officer on the right. Mrs. Kennedy had, by that time, gotten back down in the seat and was holding the President's head in her lap. I was able to see that his head was horribly mangled. Skull, brain, and blood material was all along the seat…Flowers were scattered all around the car…Two other officers and I helped take the Presdient out of the car and put him onto the stretcher. From what I was able to see of the wound, the damage seemed to be in the right rear of his head, but it was hard to tell because there was so much blood. The back part of the skull seemed to be laying over the forehead. I didn't actually see an exit wound since I saw only the back part of his head." [Note: Jim Courson's brother, Detective Bill Courson from the Dallas County Sher-iff's Department, was also interviewed by Larry Sneed: see "No More Silence", pp. 481-506+photos; Bill Courson died in 1990. From page 505: "In my opinion, and in the opinion of several others around here, the Secret Service made a bunch of fools of themselves in the whole assassination, especially when they confiscated evidence and tainted it by breaking the chain of evidence. I think if Oswald had lived that they would never have convicted him of killing President Kennedy." ];

e) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 120, 140

302) DPD William G. ("W.G.", "Bill") Lumpkin, one of the five lead motorcy-cle officers in the motorcade:

a) WC references: 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) 2/26/87 interview with Richard Trask ("POTP", pp. 234-235);

c) "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson (1993), pp. 261-262;

d) "Presidential Motorcade Schematic Listing" by Todd Wayne Vaughan (1993), p.4;

e) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 154-161+photos---[p. 158] "…I didn't see much of the President other than he was just slumped down and that he had been shot, and that his brains had been blown out. I must have seen 14 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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that somewhere along the way…his brains were blown out…We knew that he was dead.";

303) DPD Hollis B. "H.B." McClain, one of the two forward mid motorcade motorcycle officers:

a) WC references: 19 H 134; 20 H 489;

b) Texas News 1978 re: acoustical testing/ HSCA testimony---McClain denied that his mike was the one stuck open after hearing the tapes with the media;

c) HSCA Report 75, 487, 492-493;

d) "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination" by Michael Benson (1993), page 270, "TKOAP" by Robert Groden (1993), p. 172, and "POTP" by Richard Trask (1994), pages 132, 208, 209, 306, 400, 418, 425, 444, 469, 480, and 616---useful summary of his HSCA testimony, post-HSCA beliefs, and various sources;

e) Mark Oakes' "Eyewitness Video Tape III" (1998)---"helped get Mrs. Kennedy out of the car"; nothing about the wounds, per se; "I feel like that there's some-body on that railroad track shot him a second time.";

f) "No More Silence" by Larry Sneed (1998), pp. 162-168+photos---[p. 164] "I figured at the time that the wound was fatal. Part of the skull was laying on the floorboard. Blood and brain material was splattered all over as if a ripe water-melon had been dropped. It was a pretty gory scene.";

g) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 30

304) Secret Service (PRS) Agent Glen A. Bennett, rode in Secret Service fol-low-up car in motorcade:

a) 24 H 541-542: inc. Bennett's alleged contemporaneous handwritten notes from 11/22/63---"…I heard a noise that immediately reminded me of a fire-cracker. Immediately, upon hearing the supposed firecracker, looked at the Boss's [JFK's] car. At this exact time I saw a shot that hit the Boss about four inches down from the right shoulder; a second shoot [sic] followed immediately and hit the right rear high [sic] of the Boss's head."(emphasis added) [back wound] Although the autopsy photo ["Best Evidence", autopsy photo 5], the death certificate signed by Dr. Burkley [see above], FBI Exhibit 60 (JFK's shirt) ["Best Evidence", photo 18; 17 H 25-26], FBI Exhibit 59 (JFK's jacket) ["Best Evidence", photo17], the autopsy face sheet (17 H 45; "Postmortem", p.310:"verified" by Dr. Burkley), the Sibert & O'Neill report (see above), Secret Service Agent Clint Hill's report (18 H 744-745), and the testimonies of Secret Service agents' Hill (2 H 143), Bill Greer (2 H 127 and RIF#180-10099-10491: 2/28/78 HSCA interview), and Roy Kellerman (2 H 93), not to mention the 1/27/64 WC executive session transcript (Groden's "TKOAP", p. 118) and Nurse Diana Bowron's recent statements ("Killing The Truth", p. 183), corroborate Bennett within an inch or two, Phil Willis' photo #5 (21 H 770), the Hugh Betzner photo ("Mortal Error", photo 14 blow-up), the Zapruder film ("Image of an Assassination" video 1998: sprocket hole area), and the James Altgens' photo (21 H 781-782) depict Bennett looking AWAY from Kennedy.;

b) 18 H 760: Bennett's typed report dated 11/23/63---"…I heard what sounded like a firecracker. I immediately looked from the right/ crowd/ physical area/ 15 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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and looked towards the President who was seated in the right rear seat of his limosine [sic] open convertibel. At the moment I looked at the back of the Presi-dent I heard another firecracker noise and saw the shot hit the President about four inches down from the right shoulder. A second shot followed immediately and hit the right rear high [sic] of the President's head…We peered towards the rear and particularly the right side of the area." (emphasis added);

c) 18 H 682: Bennett's report regarding the Secret Service drinking incident of 11/21-11/22/63---Bennett was one of the four agents on the follow-up car who drank alcohol against strict Secret Service regulations (18 H 665; the other three agents were Clint Hill [18 H 685], John Ready [18 H 690], and Paul Landis [18 H 687]);

d) other WC references: WR 48, 111; 2 H 69, 96, 134, 153; 5 H 452-453; 17 H 631; 18 H 679, 722, 724, 733, 734, 735, 737, 738, 739, 741, 746, 747, 752, 755, 758, 769, 770, 780, 783, 810, 811, 812, 813;

e) 1/30/78 HSCA interview (RIF#180-10082-10452)---"He remembers hearing what he hoped was a firecracker. He then heard another noise and saw what appeared to be a nick in the back of President Kennedy's coat below the shoul-der. He thought the President had been hit in the back. Glen Bennett stated that he believes the first and second shots were close together and then a longer pause before the third shot…Bennett stated that he does not recall any agents reacting before the third shot…Bennett stated that he believes he saw the nick in the President's coat after the second shot." (emphasis added);

f) July 1998 article by the author in "JFK/ Deep Politics Quarterly" journal enti-tled "Anatomy of a Threat"

g) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 26, 37, 60, 122, 167

305) Secret Service Agent (ATSAIC) Emory P. Roberts, commander of the follow-up car in the motorcade [deceased]:

a) 18 H 739: report dated 11/22/63---"About 1 minute later at 12:30 p.m. two or three shots were fired, at which time I saw the President lean over on Mrs. Kennedy. I knew he was hit. Just as the first or second shot was fired [Clint] Hill ran from follow-up car to President's car-jumped aboard and placed himself over Mrs. Kennedy and the President. Upon seeing the President shot, I radioed Lawson to escort us to the nearest hospital fast but at a safe speed. During the downtown motorcade [Main St.] the streets were lined with people, however, in the area where the shots rang out, the crowd was very sparse, in fact only a few people [?]. It is estimated that were [sic] were traveling about 20-25 miles an hour at the time of the shooting [actually, 8-11 mph maximum], and it is be-lieved that the follow-up car was approx. 25 feet behind the President's car [ac-tually about 5 feet!]. I could not determine from what direction the shots came, but felt they had come from the right side. I immediately asked everyone on car to look to see if they could determine where the shots came from-no one [?] seemed to know." [emphasis added];

b) 18 H 733-738: report dated 11/29/63---"First of three shots fired, at which time I saw the President lean toward Mrs. Kennedy. I do not know if it was the next shot or third shot that hit the President in the head, but I saw what ap-peared to be a small explosion on the right side of the President's head, saw blood, at which time the President fell further to his left."; "I had in mind Vice President Johnson's safety, as well as the President's, if he was not already dead." [emphasis added-see below]; 16 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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c) 18 H 807: report dated 4/10/64 regarding 11/18/63 Tampa motorcade;

d) 18 H 679: report dated 4/28/64 regarding the drinking incident;

e) other WC references: WR 51; 2 H 68, 96, 134, 149, 152; 5 H 562, 565; 7 H 475; 18 H 682, 722, 724, 726, 728, 741, 746, 747, 749, 750, 752, 755, 756, 758, 760, 762, 763, 765, 769, 778, 779, 783, 803, 806, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815;

f) 12/4/64 and 4/26/65 interviews with William Manchester ("The Death of a President", numerous)---[p. 155] "Emory Roberts recognized Oswald's first shot as a shot."; [p. 165] "Indeed, the first realist was Agent Emory Roberts, a gray-ing, round-shouldered former Baltimore County policeman who made a tough but necessary [?] switch in allegiance while Kennedy's heart was still beating. From his seat beside Kinney, Roberts had seen the last shot strike Kennedy's skull. He was certain the wound was mortal, and he had asessed the implica-tions at once." [emphasis added];

g) 8/6/91 letter to Vince Palamara from Howard Donahue (:Mortal Error")---"As for Roberts, he was a cop in Towson [MD] (where I live) and I knew him slightly when I was in High School. He graduated from Towson High 9 years before I did.";

Please also see, in entirety, Vince Palamara's article entitled "The Strange Ac-tions (and Inaction) of Agent Emory Roberts", October 1996 "JFKDeep Politics Quarterly" journal:

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 26, 39, 43-44, 46, 59, 60, 78, 155, 159, 161-163, 166-172

i) “J. Edgar Hoover: The Father Of The Cold War” by R. Andrew Kiel (2000), pagesv 308-309

306) Secret Service Agent George Warren Hickey, Jr., rode in follow-up car in motorcade (AR-15):

a) 18 H 765: report dated 11/22/63---"…I heard what seemed to me that a fire-cracker exploded to the right and rear. I stood partially up and turned to the rear to see if I could observe anything. Nothing was observed and I turned around and looked at the President's car. The President was slumped to the left in the car and I observed him come up. I heard what appeard to be two shots and it seemed as if the right side of his head was hit and his hair flew forward. I then reached down, picked up the AR15, cocked and loaded it and stood part way up in the car and looked about."; "…I assisted Agent Kinney to put the plastic top on 100-X. We were then told by Roy Kellerman to take the cars to the plane and stand by. I drove 100-X to the plane, loaded it in company with Agent Kinney…";

b) 18 H 761-764: report dated 11/30/63---"After a very short distance I heard a loud report which sounded like a firecracker. It appeared to come from the right and rear and seemed to me to be at ground level [Thomas Atkins, in Camer Car 1, thought the same thing: see "POTP", p. 386]. I stood up and looked to my right and rear in an attempt to identify it. Nothing caught my attention except people shouting and cheering. A disturbance in 679X [the follow-up car] caused 17 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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me to look forward toward the President's car. Perhaps 2 or 3 seconds elapsed from the time I looked to the rear and then looked at the President. He was slumped forward and to his left, and was straightening up to an almost erect sitting position as I turned and looked. At the moment he was almost sitting erect I heard two reports which I thought were shots and that appeared to me completely different in sound than the first report and were in such rapid suc-cession that there seemed to be practically no time element between them. It looked to me as if the President was struck in the right upper rear of his head. The first shot of the second two seemed as if it missed because the hair on the right side of his head flew forward and there didn't seem to be any impact against his head. The last shot seemed to hit his head and cause a noise at the point of impact which made him fall forward and to his left again. Possibly four or five seconds elapsed from the first report and the last." [emphasis added];

c) other WC references: WR 51; 2 H 69, 134; 5 H 143-144; 17 H 607, 608, 625, 626, 630, 632; 18 H 679, 722, 724, 730, 734, 735, 739, 741, 746, 752, 758, 760, 768, 810, 811;

d) "Mortal Error" by Bonar Meninger (1992)---author(s) allege that Hickey, by 'accident', shot JFK in the head [see the author's article in the May 1992 "Third Decade": not only does the Charles Bronson film debunk the notion that Hickey's gun was fired, but Hugh Betzner, in a 11/28/67 letter to Researcher Richard E. Sprague, wrote that the gun "was not fired." ("POTP", p. 162). In ad-dition, in Secret Service Agent Tim McIntyre's 11/29/63 report, he wrote that "no shots were fired by any agent." (18 H 746-747, below)];

e) Hickey, with the help of attorney's Mark Zaid and Jim Lesar, sued St. Mar-tin's Press in April 1995 over "Mortal Error", but the case was ultimately dis-missed in Sept. 1997 because the suit was brought long after Maryland's one-year statute of limitations for defamation cases.;

f) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 19, 20, 24, 26, 43, 135, 167, 343, 429

307) Secret Service Agent William "Tim" McIntyre, rode on running board of follow-up car (behind Hill):

a) 18 H 748: report dated 11/22/63---"I heard three shots fired and observing the President, noticed that he had been struck by at least one bullet, I thought in the head…I attempted to locate the origin of the shots, but was unable to do so.";

b) 18 H 746-747: report dated 11/29/63---"The Presidential vehicle was ap-proximately 200 feet from the underpass when the first shot was fired, followed in quick succession by two more. I would estimate that all three shots were 18 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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fired within five seconds. After the second shot, I looked at the President and witnesses his being struck in the head by the third and last shot…None of us could determine the origin of the shots, and no shots were fired by any agent.";

c) other WC references: 2 H 68, 96, 134-136; 17 H 595, 597, 607, 614, 615; 18 H 679, 722, 724, 733, 734, 735, 738, 739, 741, 752, 758, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815;

d) 1/31/78 HSCA interview (RIF#180-10082-10454)---"As they were approach-ing the overpas, McIntyre heard the first report, which he described as "very loud." He said that he had no doubt that it was a shot. There was a pause and then 2 more shots in succession. McIntyre stated that at the first two shots, he was scanning the area to try to determine where they were coming from. He stated that the President was directly in his vision when the third shot was fired and he saw the President struck in the head. He remembers saying to Jack Ready, "What the hell was that?" He feels certain that Clint Hill left the running board and ran to the limousine before the thrid shot was fired. He stated that Greer, driver of the Presidential limousine, accelerated after the third shot. At that time, he judged the three shots had been fired in about 6 or 7 seconds. There was no way to tell if more than one person was firing at the motor-cade…He remebers at a later date Agent Dick Johnson [sic] told him that he picked up a bullet from a stretcher. Johnson didn't say which stretcher but McIntyre got the impression it was from the President's stretcher.";

e) "The Dark Side of Camelot" by Seymour Hersh (1997), pp. 240-241+photo---NOTHING about Dallas!;

f) “Dangerous World: The Kennedy Years´(12/4/97 ABC);

g) ABC News 1/28/98;

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 27, 46, 60, 122, 167

i) 2005 interview with Vince Palamara

308) Secret Service Agent John D. "Jack" Ready, rode on right-front run-ning board of follow-up car:

a) 18 H 750: first report dated 11/22/63 (7:25 p.m.)---"At about 12:30 p.m. I heard what sounded like firecrackers going off from my post on the right front running board. The president's car slowed, someone in the follow-up car stated he was shot, and I left to run to the President's car. At that time I was recalled to the follow-up car [no reason given] and took the right front seat aside ATSAIC Roberts, and proceeded to a hospital several miles distant. The shooting oc-curred as we were approaching the Thornton Freeway, traveling about 20-25 miles per hour in a slight incline. There appeared to be no spectators on the right side of the road-way [?]. After the intial shot I attempted to locate the area from where they had come fom but was not able to. It appeared that the shots came from my right-rear side." [emphasis added];

b) 18 H 749: second report dated 11/22/63---"At about 12:30 p.m. we began the approach to the Thornton Freeway traveling about 20-25 MPH in a slight incline. I was about 25-30 feet from President Kennedy who was located in the right rear seat. I heard what appeard to be firecrackers going off from my posi-tion. I immediately turned to my right rear trying to locate the source but was not able to determine the exact location. At this time the U.S. Secret Service fol-low-up car seemed to slow and I heard someone from inside this car say: "he's shot". I left the follow-up car in the direction of the President's car but was re-19 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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called by ATSAIC Emory Roberts (Secret Service) as the cars increased their speeds." [emphasis added];

c) 18 H 690: report dated 12/8/63 regarding the drinking incident;

d) 18 H 808: report dated 4/11/64 regarding the Tampa motorcade;

e) other WC references: WR 48, 51; 2 H 68, 96, 134-135; 5 H 452-453; 17 H 595, 597, 607, 614, 615; 18 H 679, 722, 724, 733, 734, 737, 738, 739, 741, 746, 747, 752, 753, 754, 758, 763, 777, 810, 811, 812, 813, 815;

f) 3/1/78 HSCA interview (RIF# 180-10071-10165)---"He thought the first shot was a firecracker thrown from behind them. He said that the second and third shots were closer in time than the first and second shots. He heard someone say either, "He's hit," or "He's shot," but doesn't remember when it was said, relative to the second or third shot. Ready stated that he jumped off of the run-ning board to go to the President's vehicle but was called back by Agent in Charge Emory Roberts. He had been watching the right side and was not aware of Clint Hill running to the Presidential limousine.";

g) "Mortal Error" by Bonar Meninger (1992), p. 234---Ready "declined to discuss the matter";

h) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), pages 26, 39, 122, 155, 160, 167, 168, 169

i) “J. Edgar Hoover: The Father Of The Cold War” by R. Andrew Kiel (2000), page 308

j) 2005 interview with Vince Palamara

309) Thomas Maurer Atkins, Navy White House photographer, rode in Camera Car 1 in motorcade:

a) shot the film "The Last Two Days", culled from his films from the Texas trip of 11/21-11/22/63;

b) 3/1/77 tabloid publication "Midnight": article by Robert Sibley, a civilian who worked at NPC and was hired by Atkins (see also "POTP", pp. 385-386 , "Crossfire", pp. 16-17, and "Who's Who in the JFK Assassination", p. 19)-"The shots came from below and off to the right side from where I was…I never thought the shots came from above. They did not sound like shots coming from anything higher than street level." [see Hickey, above]; interestingly, Leonard Pullin, a civilian employee of the U.S. Navy who helped in the filming of Atkins' "The Last Two Days," was killed in a single-car accident in 1967 ("Crossfire", p. 561, and "JFK: The Dead Witnesses", p. 43. For his part, Gerald Posner states that Pullin was "a cameraman, not a reporter, and never claimed to have any special information": see "Case Closed", p. 496)

c) 3/19/86 interview and 3/2/89 correspondence with Richard Trask ("POTP", numerous, esp. Chapter 15 [see also "That Day In Dallas" by Richard Trask, pp. 10, 15, 32-34, 52, 55, and 70] )---[p. 386] "What Atkins does recall quite clearly is that as his car was traveling down Houston Street towards the Texas School Book Depository the "shots sounded in front of me. I didn't get the sensation that they were from up high. It sounded like in the crowd at my level. I had not even seen the grassy knoll at that point. If they were coming from anywhere, they were coming from that turn. If they had come from the grassy knoll, I don't think they would have been near as loud, because I think the buildings there tended to throw the sound at us."; [p. 388, based off Trask's 3/19/86 interview] "And to see pictures of the autopsy and what the bullet had done to the 20 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

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hair…those are things that just stick out in your memory." [emphasis added; this was said to Trask over two years before some of the autopsy pictures began appearing in books---did Atkins see the photos, possibly at NPC with fellow Navy man and WH photographer Robert Knudsen, during the weekend of the assassination?]

d) “Murder In Dealey Plaza” by James Fetzer (2000), page 34 21 Part 5: Motorcade occupants 4 No. 2 © Copyright 2006 Vincent M. Palamara

 


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